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Ecology Minor

The Ecology minor focuses on conservation, bio-diversity, and ecosystems. It would benefit those students looking to expand their studies beyond General Biology or Zoology, or students who are looking towards a career in education, environmental studies, or a graduate program in related fields. The Ecology minor is not available to Bachelor of Science students in the Ecology stream. For Bachelor of Science students, only three elective credits from this minor can be applied to streams.

Ecology (18 credits)
BIO 133 Introduction to Plant and Organismal Biology
BIO 213 Principles of Ecology
One of the following:
     BIO 351 Conservation Biology
     CHE 333 Environmental Chemistry and Sustainability
     ECOL 235 Introduction to Environmental Science
One of the following:
     ECOL 317 Aquatic Communities and Ecosystems
     ECOL 319 Terrestrial Communities and Ecosystems
One of the following:
     BIO 241 General Microbiology*
     BOT 203 The Biology of Plants
     ZOO 275 Invertebrate Zoology
     ZOO 277 Biology of Vertebrates
One of the following:
     BIO 301 Principles of Evolutionary Biology*
     BIO 389 Field Course in Ecology
     ECOL 383 Animal Behaviour
     ZOO 379 Introduction to Marine Biology

*Note: This course has pre-requisites which are not included in the minor.