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Biology Program

Bachelor of Science: Biology
4 year – 120 credits

The Bachelor of Science (BSc) program strives to give students a well-rounded Biology education, with a broad-based biological background. In this way, the program allows for maximum flexibility in career choice, whether it be research, medicine, teaching, or another related discipline. The program strives to provide all the courses required for application and admission into professional programs such as Chiropractic, Dentistry, Medicine, Optometry, Pharmacology, and Veterinary Medicine.

Students may choose a stream from the following list that best suits their career goals: Cellular and Molecular Biology, Health Sciences, or Ecology. The degree program also includes course work in Biochemistry, Botany, Chemistry, Kinesiology, Math, Microbiology, Physical Sciences, Physiology, and Zoology. The program helps students develop critical thinking skills as well as practical research techniques and laboratory skills.

Profile of the Graduating Student

The graduating student will have a solid understanding of:

  • the processes of life on a cellular level;
  • the structure and function of human life, with an understanding of its physiological processes;
  • animal life and physiology, with comparisons to human structure and function;
  • the physiology, genetics, and life history of micro- organisms;
  • individual and population ecology;
  • plant physiology and ecology.

BSc (Biology) graduates will also be able to:

  • apply biological knowledge to specific issues;
  • use critical thinking skills to approach research problems;
  • design experimental protocols to test hypotheses, with appropriate data collection and analysis;
  • perform basic experimental laboratory techniques, such as slide preparation, spectrophotometry, dissection, and extraction; integrate knowledge from the Arts and Sciences with their faith;
  • form values and convictions based on sound reasoning and clear methodology.

Career and Education Paths

Graduating students will have several career options open to them, including:

  • further professional studies (including Dentistry, Medicine, Optometry, Pharmacy, and Veterinary Medicine)
  • research in a private company (such as a pharmaceutical company or ecological group);
  • entry-level work in one of the many fields of biology – from ecology to botany to microbiology to physiology;
  • graduate work and research;
  • further studies in the areas of kinesiology, nursing, education or engineering.

Bachelor of Science: Biology Program Requirements (120 credits)

Christian Formation (9 credits)
REL 105 Introduction to the Bible
REL 161 Introduction to Christian Theology
3 credits in Religion (REL) at the senior level or IND 287 Science and Faith

English (3 credits)
EN 130 Introduction to English Literature

Fine Arts (3 credits)
See Arts and Science Electives in the Academic Calendar for specific courses

History (3 credits)
HI 140 Themes in World History

Philosophy (3 credits)
PH 125 Introduction to Philosophy

Social Science (6 credits)
See Arts and Science Electives in the Academic Calendar for specific courses

Biology Requirements (18 credits)
BIO 131 Introduction to the Cellular Basis of Life
BIO 133 Introduction to Plant and Organismal Biology
BIO 211 Principles of Genetics
BIO 213 Principles of Ecology
BIO 231 Cellular and Molecular Biology
BIO 498 Integrated Science Capstone Seminar

Biochemistry (3 credits)
BCH 297 Biochemistry I

Chemistry (9 credits)
CHE 101 General Chemistry I
CHE 103 General Chemistry II
CHE 251 Organic Chemistry I

Math/Statistics (6 credits)
BIO 310 Quantitative Methods for Biology
One of the following:
MA 111 Linear Algebra
MA 149 Introductory Calculus
MA 153 Calculus II

Physical Sciences (6 credits)
PHY 111 Mechanics
3 credits from ASTR, GEO, GEOG, PHY, or SC 120

Electives
To meet senior level requirements in the program, you are advised to make sure you take enough senior electives (200-level or higher) to meet the required 72 senior credits in the program.

     Senior Biology Electives 24 credits (BCH, BIO, BOT, ECOL, KIN*, MED, ZOO, CHE 253)
     *Note: Not all KIN courses can be used as Biology electives; check the course descriptions.

     Arts Electives 3 credits (non-Science)
     Open Electives 24 credits

Optional Bachelor of Science Streams:

Students may choose one or more streams as indicated below.

24 credits from one of the following streams

Cellular and Molecular Biology
BIO 241 General Microbiology
BIO 329 Molecular Genetics
BIO 425 Current Topics in Integrative Cell Biology
CHE 253 Organic Chemistry II

One of the following:
BCH 357 Medical Pharmacology
BIO 327 Medical Genetics
BIO 338 Developmental Biology
BIO 455 Cancer Biology

Three of the following:
BIO 327 Medical Genetics
BIO 338 Developmental Biology
BIO 339 Introduction to Biotechnology
BIO 445 Immunology
BIO 455 Cancer Biology
BIO 493 Independent Research Study in Biology (Cell-based)
BIO 495 Independent Research Study in Biology I (Cell-based)
BIO 497 Independent Research Study in Biology II (Cell-based)      

Ecology
BIO 245 Research Methods in Biology
BIO 301 Principles of Evolutionary Biology
BIO 351 Conservation Biology

Two of the following:
BIO 241 General Microbiology
BOT 203 The Botany of Plants
ZOO 275 Invertebrate Zoology
ZOO 277 Biology of Vertebrates

One of the following:
ECOL 317 Aquatic Communities and Ecosystems
ECOL 319 Terrestrial Communities and Ecosystems

One of the following:
BIO 389 Field Course in Ecology
BIO 493 Independent Research Study in Biology (Ecology-based)
BIO 495 Independent Research Study in Biology I (Ecology-based)
CHE 333 Environmental Chemistry and Sustainability Studies
ECOL 235 Introduction to Environmental Science
ECOL 383 Animal Behaviour
ZOO 379 Introduction to Marine Biology

3 senior level Science credits in
BCH, BIO, BOT, ECOL, KIN*, ZOO
*Note: Not all KIN courses can be used as Science credits; check the course descriptions.

Health Sciences
CHE 253 Organic Chemistry II
ZOO 261 Human Physiology I
ZOO 263 Human Physiology II
ZOO 265 Human Anatomy

Four of the following:
BCH 357 Medical Pharmacology
BIO 241 General Microbiology
BIO 245 Research Methods in Biology
BIO 269 Nutrition
BIO 320 Bioethics
BIO 327 Medical Genetics
BIO 329 Molecular Genetics
BIO 338 Developmental Biology
BIO 493 Independent Research Study in Biology (Health-based)
BIO 495 Independent Research Study in Biology I (Health-based)
BIO 497 Independent Research Study in Biology II (Health-based)
CHE 333 Environmental Chemistry and Sustainability Studies
CHE 335 Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
KIN 255 Growth and Development
KIN 367 Exercise Physiology
MED 275 Health and Wellness
ZOO 323 Integrative Physiology
ZOO 361 Pathophysiology

 

General Requirements for Completion and Graduation

  • Completion of Core Requirements:
  • Completion of a total of 120 credits (as outlined above)
  • A minimum of 72 credits must be taken at the 200-level or higher
  • A Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of at least 2.0, with a CGPA of at least 2.0 in science discipline courses combined