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Bachelor of Science: Biology (4 year)


UNI 101 The Ambrose Experience (non-credit)

Christian Formation (9 credits)
REL 105 Introduction to the Bible
REL 161 Introduction to Christian Theology
3 credits in Religion (REL) at the senior level or IND 287 Science and Faith

English (3 credits)
EN 130 Introduction to English Literature

Fine or Performing Arts (3 credits)
(ART, DA, FA, MU, TH, EN 100, EN 200, EN 350)

History (3 credits)
HI 140 Themes in World History

Philosophy (3 credits)
PH 125 Introduction to Philosophy

Social Science (6 credits)

Biology/Biochemistry Requirements (21 credits)
BCH 297 Biochemistry
BIO 131 Introduction to the Cellular Basis of Life
BIO 133 Introduction to Plant and Organismal Biology
BIO 211 Principles of Genetics
BIO 213 Principles of Ecology
BIO 231 Cellular and Molecular Biology
BIO 310 Quantitative Methods for Biology

Chemistry (9 credits)
CHE 101 General Chemistry I
CHE 103 General Chemistry II
CHE 251 Organic Chemistry I

Mathematics/Statistics (3 credits)
One of the following:
     MA 111 Linear Algebra
     MA 149 Introductory Calculus

Physical Sciences (6 credits)
PHY 111 Mechanics
3 credits from ASTR, GEO, GEOG

Science (3 credits)
SC 498 Science Capstone

Senior Biology Electives (24 credits)
*Note: Not all KIN courses can be used as Biology electives; check the course descriptions.
^Note: No more than three credits of CHE or non-science KIN can be applied to Senior Science Electives, in order to meet minimum major requirements of 42 credits.

To meet senior level requirements in the program, you are advised to make sure you take enough senior electives (200-level or higher) to meet the required 72 senior credits in the program.

     Arts Electives 3 credits (non-Science)
     Open Electives 24 credits

Optional Bachelor of Science Streams:

If they wish, students may choose to organize their senior Biology electives into one of two streams as indicated below.

24 credits from one of the following streams

BIO 301 Principles of Evolutionary Biology
ECOL 319 Terrestrial Communities and Ecosystems
ECOL 351 Conservation Biology
Two of the following:
     BIO 241 General Microbiology
     BOT 203 The Botany of Plants
     ZOO 275 Invertebrate Zoology
     ZOO 277 Biology of Vertebrates
Two of the following:
     BIO 245 Research Methods in Biology
     BIO 493 Independent Research Study in Biology (Ecology-based)
     BIO 495 Independent Research Study in Biology I (Ecology-based)
     CHE 333 Environmental Chemistry and Sustainability Studies
     ECOL 235 Introduction to Environmental Science
     ECOL 383 Animal Behaviour
     ECOL 389 Field Course in Ecology
     ZOO 379 Introduction to Marine Biology
3 senior level Science credits in BCH, BIO, BOT, CHE^, ECOL, KIN*, MED, ZOO
*Note: Not all KIN courses can be used as Science credits; check the course descriptions.
^Note: No more than three credits of CHE can be applied to this stream.

Molecular Health Sciences
BIO 241 General Microbiology
BIO 329 Molecular Genetics and Omics
CHE 253 Organic Chemistry II
MED 261 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
MED 263 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
MED 469 Current Topics in Health and Medicine
Option 1: one of the following
     BCH 357 Medical Pharmacology
     BIO 301 Introduction to Evolution
     BIO 455 Cancer Biology
     BIO 493 Independent Research Study in Biology
     MED 231 Medical Terminology
     MED 327 Medical Genetics
Option 2: one of the following
     BIO 338 Developmental Biology
     BIO 493 Independent Research Study in Biology
     MED 361 Pathophysiology
     MED 450 Foundations of Molecular Medicine      

General Requirements for Completion and Graduation

  • Completion of The Ambrose Experience (UNI 101) (non-credit; this course is required for all programs, and must be completed within the first two semesters of enrolment. Students who do not complete UNI 101 may not be permitted to continue in their program.)
  • Completion of Core Requirements
  • Completion of a total of 120 credits (as outlined above)
  • A minimum of 72 credits must be taken at the 200-level or higher
  • A minimum of 15 credits taken from 300-level courses in BCH, BIO, MED, and ZOO
  • A minimum of 6 credits taken from 400-level courses in BIO, MED, and ZOO
  • A Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of at least 2.0, with a CGPA of at least 2.0 from courses taken in ASTR, BCH, BIO, CHE, GEO, GEOG, KIN, MA, MED, PHY, SC, and ZOO