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BIO 131 Introduction to the Cellular Basis of Life (3–3L) A

This course will cover the fundamental principles of cellular biology including organelle structure and function, metabolism, genetics, cell division, protein synthesis, and molecular biology of eukaryotic cells.

Prerequisite: Biology 30 or Chemistry 30


BIO 133 Introduction to Plant and Organismal Biology (3–3L) A

This course will comparatively survey the diversity of the major lineages of eukaryotic organisms – including vertebrate and invertebrate animals, plants, protists, and fungi. It will also discuss the ecological principles of organismal survival and interactions.

Prerequisite: Biology 30


BIO 211 Principles of Genetics (3–3L) A

This course examines the principles of heredity, Mendelian laws, as well as basic concepts of gene structure and function, gene regulation and genetic recombination. Principles from prokaryotes, eukaryotes and viruses will be explored. The accompanying laboratory component contains experiments and exercises to illustrate key genetic principles and molecular genetic techniques.

Prerequisite: BIO 131


BIO 213 Principles of Ecology (3–3L) A

The dynamics and maintenance of biological diversity are examined in terms of ecological processes, conservation of species, habitats, and evolutionary principles. Ecological principles and organism interactions at individual, population, community and ecosystem levels will be explored.

Prerequisite: BIO 133


BIO 231 Cellular and Molecular Biology (3–1T) A

This course examines the principles of cellular structure and function, molecular organization, regulation of cellular functions, as well as the interaction of cells with neighbouring cells and their environment.

Prerequisite: BIO 131 and BIO 211


BIO 241 General Microbiology (3-3L) B

Microbiology explores the biology of microorganisms, namely viruses, bacteria, unicellular and microscopicmulticellular eukaryotes. The course will review fundamental information about the biology of these organisms and will expand this knowledge base with microbial genetics, diversity and ecology. The field of applied microbiology will also be explored in topics regarding health, industry and the environment. The accompanying laboratory component will introduce a variety of laboratory techniques to identify microorganisms.

Prerequisite: BIO 131, BIO 133, BIO 211 and CHE 251


BIO 245 Research Methods in Biology (3) B

An introduction to research in Biology with an emphasis on understanding the research process, including literature searches, experimental design, data collection, basic statistical knowledge, and its relationship to critical thinking.

Prerequisite: BIO 131 and BIO 133 


BIO 269 Nutrition (3) B

This course covers the basics of nutrition, the processing of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, vitamins and minerals, as well as discussing energy balance, fasting, and weight control.


BIO 270 Introduction to Neuroscience (3) A

An introduction to the study of neuroscience and neuropsychology. Attention is given to the foundational issues of studying neurochemistry and experimental techniques related to the structure and function of the nervous system and brain.

Prerequisite: PS 121

Note: This course is cross-listed as PS 270.


BIO 301 Principles of Evolutionary Biology (3-1T) B

An introduction to the evolutionary processes that shape variation, within and between, populations and species. Topics include heredity, mutation, genetic drift, natural selection and adaptation, sexual selection, speciation, macroevolution, and implications for conservation and medicine.

Prerequisite: BIO 211 and BIO 213


BIO 310 Quantitative Methods for Biology (3-1T) A

This course is designed to give students a basic understanding of descriptive and inferential statistics. Emphasis is placed on practical application and students will learn to analyze and interpret basic statistical research. Topics include collection and presentation of data, descriptive statistics, introduction to probability theory, estimation, hypothesis testing, and linear regression. Students will also learn how to use computer software to analyze data.

Prerequisite: Math 30-1


BIO 320 Bioethics (3) B

This course examines the moral concerns related to a variety of health related sciences, research programs, and medical interventions. Issues to be examined include, but are not limited to, abortion, euthanasia, genetic engineering, stem cell research, reproductive technology, commodification of organs and body tissue, patient consent, and the distribution of scarce medical resources.

Prerequisite: BIO 131 or BIO 133

Note: Bachelor of Science students may take this course for Science credit. This course is cross-listed as PH 320. Non-BSc students must take the course as PH 320.


BIO 327 Medical Genetics (3) B

An exploration of the principles of genetics in human medical context. The topics include Mendelian and multifactorial inheritance, linkage and gene mapping, pedigree analysis, molecular basis of diseases and screening, cytogenetics and developmental genetics, genomic imprinting, population and cancer genetics, gene therapy, and ethical issues.

Prerequisite: BIO 211


BIO 329 Molecular Genetics (3-3L) B

This course will study the structure of genes and the molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Topics include gene and chromosome structures, DNA recombination and mechanisms of DNA replication and repair, transcription, post-transcriptional RNA processing, translation, and post- translational modifications. Students in this lecture-based course also learn the theory of basic molecular techniques, such as quantitative PCR and gene silencing.

Prerequisite: BIO 211 and BIO 231


BIO 330 Brain and Behaviour (3) A

An introduction to the neural basis of learning, memory, language, thought, motivation, emotion and behaviour.

Prerequisite: BIO 270

Note: This course is cross-listed as PS 330.


BIO 338 Developmental Biology (3-1.5T) B

An introduction to basic principles in vertebrate and invertebrate development. Students will study the intra- and intercellular processes that regulate cellular proliferation and differentiation. Topics include mechanisms controlling embryonic development, pattern formation, morphogenesis, and cellular differentiation in selected model organisms.

Prerequisite: BIO 211, BIO 231 and BCH 297


BIO 339 Introduction to Biotechnology (3) O

This course will introduce students to the field of bio- technology, including an overview of current techniques in the field, and their applications to cellular and environmental science.

Prerequisite: BIO 211 and BCH 297


BIO 351 Conservation Biology (3) B

This course will focus on applications of ecology to conservation and sustainability. Emphasis will be placed on human-environment interactions and their implications for biodiversity, natural resource management, and endangered ecosystems and species.

Prerequisite: BIO 213 or BIO 133 and permission of the department


BIO 389 Field Course in Ecology (3) B

This course combines educational travel, cross cultural experiences, study and reflection to examine a variety of tropical ecosystems and conservation issues. Destinations will vary from year to year.

Prerequisite: BIO 133


BIO 404 Biology Educational Travel Study (3) O

This course is an educational travel study.

Prerequisite: Permission of the department


BIO 435 Current Topics in Integrative Cell Biology (3) B

In-depth analysis of current literatures in the area of cellular and molecular biology. Selected topics may include cellular and molecular biology, developmental biology, genetics, pharmacology, and medicine.

Prerequisite: BIO 211, BIO 231 and BCH 297 


BIO 445 Immunology (3) B

This course will examine the body processes involved in the immune response.

Prerequisite: BIO 231 and BCH 297


BIO 455 Cancer Biology (3) B

This course will cover the manifestations of cancer types, the genetic factors that contribute to them, and the cellular response to those mutations. Cancer initiation and growth, as well as diagnostic techniques and treatments will be discussed on a biochemical, cellular, and genetic level.

Prerequisite: BIO 211, BIO 231 and BCH 297


BIO 493 Independent Research Study in Biology (3) A

This course is a one-semester research project in biology. Students will design and implement a biology experiment, conduct data analysis, and disseminate this knowledge as a formal scientific report and an oral conference presentation.

Prerequisite: 15 credits of relevant senior courses in Biology (BIO, BCH, ZOO)


BIO 495 Independent Research Study in Biology I (3) A

This course is the first course of a two-semester biology research project. Students will choose a research topic of choice, conduct a literature review, and write a research proposal identifying a new research question and describing an experimental protocol.

Prerequisite: 15 credits of relevant senior courses in Biology (BIO, BCH, ZOO) and a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0


BIO 497 Independent Research Study in Biology II (3) A

This course is the second course of a two-semester biology research project. Students will design, implement, and conduct data analysis on the research project proposed during BIO 495, and will disseminate this knowledge as a formal scientific report and an oral conference presentation.

Prerequisite: 15 credits of relevant senior courses in Biology (BIO, BCH, ZOO) and BIO 495 and a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0


BIO 498 Integrated Science Capstone Seminar (3) A

An examination of a current science or societal problem.  Each topic will have three components: an historical exploration of the problem or issue, an integrated science based exploration of the issue, and spiritual reflection of the problem or issue.  Students will be encouraged to integrate the various disciplines within science to come to an understanding of what is known, what is thought, and what needs to be investigated in the problem under study in order to provide direction to society.

Prerequisite: Restricted to students in the 4 year Science degree program, to be taken in their final year. Completion of at least 90 credits, or permission of the department.